How much ice do you need?
From time to time, we are are asked “What size ice machine do I need?”. Giving the correct answer to this question requires some research. One thing you should always remember is that it is better to have too much ice than not enough. Below you will find some information on sizing a Hoshizaki ice machine correctly.
Consider the type of business you have and how you will use the ice. Remember, ice can be used for many things other than cooling drinks. List the different uses at your location.
1. What is the seating capacity and turns per day?
2. What days will I be open?
3. What are your hours of operation and peak periods?
4. Are cocktails, ice water, or iced soft drinks served? What is the cup or serving size?
5. Do I offer any promotional drink sales? (Super duper 64 oz. specials)
6. Is there a salad bar or other ice holding area?
7. Are there any special ice uses such as icing down produce or meats for storage?
Estimate how much ice is used for each purpose. This may require measuring the containers such as a salad bar or fish display cases, storage trays, or holding bins. You should also look at how many times during the day these containers are refreshed. To calculate how much these containers hold, use this rule of thumb. A cubic foot of Hoshizaki KM cube ice weighs approximately 32 lbs. A cubic foot of Hoshizaki flake ice weighs around 27 lbs.
Once you calculate the actual ice usage, add approximately 20~25% as a safety factor to accommodate for future business growth and peak summer demands.
Now that you know the ice demands, choose the Hoshizaki model that provides the proper ice production. A commercial ice machine should meet the demand under a worst case scenario of high ambient and water temperature conditions. The ice storage bin should be sized to provide adequate storage capacity to meet that peak demand draw.
We have a handy list to show the ice production of the Hoshizaki ice machines we sell. If you know how many beverages you need to prepare on a daily basis, you can use the following guidelines in conjunction with the list to compute exactly what you need from your commercial Hoshizaki ice maker.
|Beverages||5 oz. ice per 7-12 oz. cup|
|8 oz. ice per 12-16 oz. cup|
|12 oz. ice per 16-24 oz. cup|
|Cold Plates||45% more ice per day|
|Packaged Ice||10 lbs. per bag times bags sold per day|
|Patients||10 lbs. per bed|
|Cafeteria||1.0 lbs. per person|
|Restaurant||2 lbs. per person|
|Cocktails||3 lbs. per seat|
|Water Glass||4 oz. per 10 oz. glass|
|Salad Bar||30 lbs. per cubic foot|
|Guest Ice||5 lbs. per room|
|Catering||1.5 lbs. per person|
|Cafeteria||1.5 lbs. per student|
| Our most popular series of commercial machine, the KM,
makes crystal clear crescent cubed ice.
| Flaked ice is also very popular. Hoshizaki
carries several flakers to match the capacity
|If you want chewable ice the cubelet ice makers (which produce chewable ice, sometimes referred to as Sonic Ice, Nugget ice, or pellet ice) there are many models to choose from. Including our popular Undercounter units.|
| The AM undercounter ice maker makes
"top hat" ice.This is a very popular
model for residential use.
Water purity and its effect on ice quality.
Pure ice will be crystal clear. Cloudy ice usually contains air or minerals which will limit hardness. Ice is normally made available in either cubes, flakes, and cubelets. Customer preference and use dictates which type of ice is needed.
As ice is formed in a container, pure water freezes first. Any minerals or air trapped in the cold water will push towards the center of the cube and finally freeze. This will leave a cloud in the center of the clear cube of ice. You may have noticed this if you have ever used ice made in an ice tray in your home refrigerator. Cubes will fall in the 95 ~ 100% hardness range depending on the evaporator style and ice making process.
Commercial ice cubers circulate water over an evaporator plate. As the water circulates and is cooled, pure water freezes first. The minerals tend to “wash out” during this freezing process. The result is a more pure cube of ice. The ice hardness will vary with the style of evaporator and materials used. Any restrictions to the water path on the evaporator surface can slow down the water flow and allow minerals to freeze into the cube. Such restrictions occur when the water has to flow over a separator or into the cavity of a grid cell. These cubes may be cloudy and fall in the lower hardness range. The smooth stainless Hoshizaki evaporator provides the ideal cube making surface. The result, a crystal clear crescent cube.
As a general rule, flaked ice falls in the 70% hardness range. This is due to the freezing process used in the flaker. Water is frozen on a cylinder wall, broken away and extruded into the storage bin. Generally, all the water that goes into the flaker comes out as ice. Any minerals in the water will be frozen into the ice.
Because of the nature of flaked ice, more air is present. This also reduces the overall hardness and cooling effect of the ice flakes.
Cubelets are made of compressed flakes. The flakes of ice are squeezed or extruded through a smaller opening to remove more water. This extruded ice is then broken into chunks or cubelets. These chunks fall in the 80 ~ 90% hardness range. Since cubelets are easy to chew, they are usually preferred by the health care industry.
|Model Series||Ice Production|
|Low Profile Modular|
|KML-250M||Up to 314 lbs/24 hours|
|KMD-450M||Up to 460 lbs/24 hours|
|KMD-850M||Up to 836 lbs/24 hours|
|KMD-901M||Up to 876 lbs/24 hours|
|AM-50BAE||Up to 55 lbs/24 hours|
|DCM-270BAH||Up to 282 lbs/24 hours|
|KM-101BAH||Up to 115 lbs/24 hours|
|KM-151BAH||Up to 146 lbs/24 hours|
|KM-201BAH||Up to 215 lbs/24 hours|
|KM-260BAH||Up to 268 lbs/24 hours|
|KM-320M||Up to 352 lbs/24 hours|
|KM-515M||Up to 501 lbs/24 hours|
|KM-600M||Up to 592 lbs/24 hours|
|KM-650M||Up to 680 lbs/24 hours|
|KM-901M||Up to 912 lbs/24 hours|
|KM-1340M||Up to 1401 lbs/24 hours|
|KM-1301S||Up to 1353 lbs/24 hours|
|KM-1900S||Up to 1915 lbs/24 hours|
|F-300BAF||Up to 303 lbs/24 hours|
|F-330BAH||Up to 330 lbs/24 hours|
|F-450MAH||Up to 476 lbs/24 hours|
|F-500BAF||Up to 478 lbs/24 hours|
|F-801MAH||Up to 823 lbs/24 hours|
|F-1001MAH||Up to 970 lbs/24 hours|